"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Grito de Yara.  Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y del Castillo’s call to rebellion, which initiated the Ten Years’ War, was issued from this town near his plantation of La Demajagua, on October 10, 1868, against Spain, in the name of the newly organized Junta Revolucionaria de Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

“Che” Guevara (Ernesto Guevara de la Serna y Lynch, 1928-1967).  Argentine revolutionary, Cuba’s former minister of industries, guerrilla theoretician, and Fidel Castro’s trusted adviser.  Born on June 14 in Rosario, Argentina, of Spanish and Irish descent, he suffered from asthma, spending his childhood in a mountain town near Rosario. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Gerardo Machado y Morales (1871-1939).  President of Cuba, 1925-1933.  Bon in Santa Clara, September 28, he spent his childhood at the family cattle estate, attended private schools and in his early 20s engaged in growing and selling tobacco. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Platt Amendment.  An amendment to the Army Appropriation Bill of 1901 to qualify the Teller Amendment passed by the U.S. Senate.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 18, 1896, General Antonio Maceo secured the military supplies that came from the U.S. shores and landed on María la Gorda inlet at Cabo Corrientes 10 days before.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Ramon Grau San Martín (1887-1969), President of Cuba, 1933-1934, 1944-1948.  Born in Pinar del Rio, September 13, he dreamed of becoming a physician, although his father, a prosperous tobacco grower, wanted him to continue his business. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Narciso López (1798-1851), Venezuelan filibuster, considered by some a precursor of Cuba’s independence struggle, but for others and adventurer seeking Cuba’s admission to the United States as a slave state. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 9, 1933, the “Pentarquía” was dismissed by the unexpected student-sergeants alliance, that was forged on September 4, at Columbia Military Base, following the fall of dictator Gerardo Machado.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

On August 28, 1897, a large force of over 1,200 officers and soldiers under the command of General Calixto García, laid siege to the heavily fortified city of LasTunas in Oriente province.  General García gathered veteran forces from most of the military regiments in Oriente, as far as Baracoa, Guantanamo and Santiago de Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Fidel Castro:  The Early Years
According to the Baptism Certificate from Santiago de Cuba’s Cathedral, dated January 19, 1935, Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926 in Birán, Oriente.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Machado’s Downfall.   On August 12, 1933, with the Cuban army’s support, the U.S. Ambassador Benjamin Sumner Welles, presented Gerardo Machado a plan for his resignation as President of Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Ernesto Lecuona (8/6/1895-11/29/1963).  Pianist and composer.   A child prodigy who is known to have played at age five, he had a superb technique as a pianist, giving piano recitals and popularizing Cuban and Afro-Cuban melodies in North and South America, France and Spain.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Eduardo René Chibás y Ribas Agramonte – Founder of the Partido del Pueblo (Ortodoxo).  Son of a wealthy Santiago engineer, “Eddy” became a prominent student leader, and one of the originators of the Directorio Estudiantil Universitario (1930s). 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The death of Frank País.  On July 30, 1957, the National Coordinator of the “26 of July Movement,” Frank País was killed by agents of Colonel José María Salas Cañizares, a sociopath that terrorized the youths of Santiago de Cuba.
 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The Moncada Attack.   For Fidel Castro, the essence and purpose of his clandestine “movement” was power, therefore the mandatory rules to achieve total control were violence, terror and death.  These were the dominant forces driving Castro’s criminal obsession with supreme authority of the government.