"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

A.B.C. -  A prominent clandestine organization opposing the dictatorial regime of Gerardo Machado, composed of intellectuals, students, and representatives of the middle sectors of society. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

On the first of December Maceo ordered that Colonel Carlos González Clavel and a pilot from the area, look for a passage on the trail near the port of Mariel. The scouts returned without finding the breach.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Carlos J. Finlay y Barrés (1833-1915).  Physician and epidemiologist, discoverer of the mosquito vector of yellow fever.  Born in Camagüey on December 3rd, of a Scots father and a French Creole mother from Trinidad, he grew up on his father’s coffee plantation, but was sent to school in France and England

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY....."

Elian González (1993-  ).  Rescued from an inner tube floating in the Florida Strait, November 30, 1999.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Cuba and sugar have been tied inseparable in history.  There is an old saying that synthetizes this relationship “Sin azúcar no hay país.” 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Federacion Estudiantil Universitaria (F.E.U.)  Cuba’s first organized Student Federation, created in November 1922 with Julio Antonio Mella as secretary and popular figurehead, in angry response to the corruption and incompetence of many professors at the University of Havana. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Camilo Cienfuegos Gorriarán (1932- 1959).  Raúl Castro’s predecessor as commander in chief of the armed forces, born in the Jesús del Monte district of Havana, Cienfuegos was an early supporter of Fidel Castro who sailed on the Granma and fought alongside him in the Sierra Maestra. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Félix Varela y Morales (1787-1853).  Havana born priest and philosopher.  Father Varela studied at the Colegio y Seminario de San Carlos, where he became a priest and professor of philosophy as the protégé of Bishop Díaz de Espada.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Aircraft Hijacking. The first political hijack in Cuban history was on October 21, 1958, by members of Raúl Castro’s rebel army.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Grito de Yara.  Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y del Castillo’s call to rebellion, which initiated the Ten Years’ War, was issued from this town near his plantation of La Demajagua, on October 10, 1868, against Spain, in the name of the newly organized Junta Revolucionaria de Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

“Che” Guevara (Ernesto Guevara de la Serna y Lynch, 1928-1967).  Argentine revolutionary, Cuba’s former minister of industries, guerrilla theoretician, and Fidel Castro’s trusted adviser.  Born on June 14 in Rosario, Argentina, of Spanish and Irish descent, he suffered from asthma, spending his childhood in a mountain town near Rosario. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Compañía Cubana de Aviación (CCA).  Cuba’s most important civil aviation company was founded October 8, 1929 as the Compañía Nacional Cubana de Aviación Curtiss, S.A., a subsidiary of North American Aviation.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Gerardo Machado y Morales (1871-1939).  President of Cuba, 1925-1933.  Bon in Santa Clara, September 28, he spent his childhood at the family cattle estate, attended private schools and in his early 20s engaged in growing and selling tobacco. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Platt Amendment.  An amendment to the Army Appropriation Bill of 1901 to qualify the Teller Amendment passed by the U.S. Senate.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 18, 1896, General Antonio Maceo secured the military supplies that came from the U.S. shores and landed on María la Gorda inlet at Cabo Corrientes 10 days before.