"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Platt Amendment.  An amendment to the Army Appropriation Bill of 1901 to qualify the Teller Amendment passed by the U.S. Senate.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 18, 1896, General Antonio Maceo secured the military supplies that came from the U.S. shores and landed on María la Gorda inlet at Cabo Corrientes 10 days before.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Ramon Grau San Martín (1887-1969), President of Cuba, 1933-1934, 1944-1948.  Born in Pinar del Rio, September 13, he dreamed of becoming a physician, although his father, a prosperous tobacco grower, wanted him to continue his business. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Narciso López (1798-1851), Venezuelan filibuster, considered by some a precursor of Cuba’s independence struggle, but for others and adventurer seeking Cuba’s admission to the United States as a slave state. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 9, 1933, the “Pentarquía” was dismissed by the unexpected student-sergeants alliance, that was forged on September 4, at Columbia Military Base, following the fall of dictator Gerardo Machado.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

On August 28, 1897, a large force of over 1,200 officers and soldiers under the command of General Calixto García, laid siege to the heavily fortified city of LasTunas in Oriente province.  General García gathered veteran forces from most of the military regiments in Oriente, as far as Baracoa, Guantanamo and Santiago de Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Fidel Castro:  The Early Years
According to the Baptism Certificate from Santiago de Cuba’s Cathedral, dated January 19, 1935, Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926 in Birán, Oriente.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Machado’s Downfall.   On August 12, 1933, with the Cuban army’s support, the U.S. Ambassador Benjamin Sumner Welles, presented Gerardo Machado a plan for his resignation as President of Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Ernesto Lecuona (8/6/1895-11/29/1963).  Pianist and composer.   A child prodigy who is known to have played at age five, he had a superb technique as a pianist, giving piano recitals and popularizing Cuban and Afro-Cuban melodies in North and South America, France and Spain.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Eduardo René Chibás y Ribas Agramonte – Founder of the Partido del Pueblo (Ortodoxo).  Son of a wealthy Santiago engineer, “Eddy” became a prominent student leader, and one of the originators of the Directorio Estudiantil Universitario (1930s). 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The death of Frank País.  On July 30, 1957, the National Coordinator of the “26 of July Movement,” Frank País was killed by agents of Colonel José María Salas Cañizares, a sociopath that terrorized the youths of Santiago de Cuba.
 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The Moncada Attack.   For Fidel Castro, the essence and purpose of his clandestine “movement” was power, therefore the mandatory rules to achieve total control were violence, terror and death.  These were the dominant forces driving Castro’s criminal obsession with supreme authority of the government.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The Surrender of Santiago de Cuba -  After the destruction of the Spanish warships at the entrance of Santiago’s Harbor, the city was surrounded by U.S. and Cuban troops and the water supply sources at “Cuabitas” were cut off.  The Spanish government was in shock.  On July 16, 1898, Santiago de Cuba capitulated.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Carlos Prío Socarrás (1903-1977).  President of Cuba, 1948-1852.  Born in Bahía Honda on July 14, he became involved in politics at an early age, becoming active in the Directorio Estudiantil Universitario while studying law at the University of Havana in the 1930s. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

At dawn on July 13, 1895, at the plains of Peralejo, 10 miles from the historic city of Bayamo, General Antonio Maceo deployed his forces to do battle with Spain’s Captain General of Cuba, Arsenio Martínez Campos.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Juan Gualberto Gómez (1854-1933).  Journalist and public figure.  Born in Matanzas, July 12, he became, at an early age, active in the campaign for Cuban independence.  He went to Paris and studied engineering, but, needing an income, became a journalist. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

José de La Luz y Caballero (1800-1862).  Born on July 11, 1800 he was an educator and, along with Félix Varela and José Antonio Saco y López, one of Cuba’s leading intellectuals of the mid-19th century.