"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Cuba and sugar have been tied inseparable in history.  There is an old saying that synthetizes this relationship “Sin azúcar no hay país.” 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Federacion Estudiantil Universitaria (F.E.U.)  Cuba’s first organized Student Federation, created in November 1922 with Julio Antonio Mella as secretary and popular figurehead, in angry response to the corruption and incompetence of many professors at the University of Havana. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Camilo Cienfuegos Gorriarán (1932- 1959).  Raúl Castro’s predecessor as commander in chief of the armed forces, born in the Jesús del Monte district of Havana, Cienfuegos was an early supporter of Fidel Castro who sailed on the Granma and fought alongside him in the Sierra Maestra. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Aircraft Hijacking. The first political hijack in Cuban history was on October 21, 1958, by members of Raúl Castro’s rebel army.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Grito de Yara.  Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y del Castillo’s call to rebellion, which initiated the Ten Years’ War, was issued from this town near his plantation of La Demajagua, on October 10, 1868, against Spain, in the name of the newly organized Junta Revolucionaria de Cuba.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

“Che” Guevara (Ernesto Guevara de la Serna y Lynch, 1928-1967).  Argentine revolutionary, Cuba’s former minister of industries, guerrilla theoretician, and Fidel Castro’s trusted adviser.  Born on June 14 in Rosario, Argentina, of Spanish and Irish descent, he suffered from asthma, spending his childhood in a mountain town near Rosario. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Compañía Cubana de Aviación (CCA).  Cuba’s most important civil aviation company was founded October 8, 1929 as the Compañía Nacional Cubana de Aviación Curtiss, S.A., a subsidiary of North American Aviation.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Gerardo Machado y Morales (1871-1939).  President of Cuba, 1925-1933.  Bon in Santa Clara, September 28, he spent his childhood at the family cattle estate, attended private schools and in his early 20s engaged in growing and selling tobacco. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Platt Amendment.  An amendment to the Army Appropriation Bill of 1901 to qualify the Teller Amendment passed by the U.S. Senate.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 18, 1896, General Antonio Maceo secured the military supplies that came from the U.S. shores and landed on María la Gorda inlet at Cabo Corrientes 10 days before.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Ramon Grau San Martín (1887-1969), President of Cuba, 1933-1934, 1944-1948.  Born in Pinar del Rio, September 13, he dreamed of becoming a physician, although his father, a prosperous tobacco grower, wanted him to continue his business. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Narciso López (1798-1851), Venezuelan filibuster, considered by some a precursor of Cuba’s independence struggle, but for others and adventurer seeking Cuba’s admission to the United States as a slave state. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

On September 9, 1933, the “Pentarquía” was dismissed by the unexpected student-sergeants alliance, that was forged on September 4, at Columbia Military Base, following the fall of dictator Gerardo Machado.