"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

The Land Assault (El Caney y San Juan Hill).  After “Las Guásimas,” the American and Cuban forces advanced toward Santiago’s outer defenses and prepared for an attack. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

The Naval Battle of Santiago de Cuba.  With the possibility of being captured in the harbor if Santiago fell to the U.S., the Captain General of Cuba, Ramon Blanco, ordered Admiral Cervera’s squadron to fight their way out.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Tomás Estrada Palma (1835-1908), the first president of an independent Cuba, 1902-1906.  Born near Bayamo, July 9, he attended schools in Havana and the University of Seville, from where family matters forced his return before graduation.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

United States Trade Embargo.  Following Cuban confiscation of American petroleum refineries for refusing to process Soviet crude, the United Sates forbade all exports to Cuba with a temporary exception of certain foods and medicine on June 29, 1960. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."


Evaristo Estenoz (18-?-1912) former soldier in the Independence War, 1895-1898 who became the leader of the Agrupación Independiente de Color, and who, on May 20, 1912, led several bands of Blacks in an uprising against the white-dominated government, although - Afro Cuban apologists have claimed the revolt was provoked either by the annexationist Frank Steinhart (hoping for another intervention by the United States) or by President Juan Miguel Gómez y Gómez.  

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

The Spanish-Cuban-American War (1898) was entering its decisive stage when at dawn on June 22, the U.S. Army began landing at the Daiquiri Beach that had been secured by Cuban forces under the command of General Demetrio Castillo Duany and Colonel Carlos Gonzalez Clavel.  (A force of over one thousand Cuban veteran fighters).

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

General Antonio Maceo y Grajales (1845-1896).  Cuban mulatto patriot and hero of the Independence War of 1895-1898.  Born near Santiago de Cuba, June 14, son of Marcos Maceo, a Venezuelan mulatto émigré, and a free Cuban Black, Mariana Grajales.  His childhood was passed on the small family farm, where he was privately educated, and in making occasional trips to sell its produce in Santiago. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY...."

Guantanamo Bay, 1898
With the U.S. Navy successful blockade of the Spanish Squadron in Santiago, the need for a nearby bay, controlled by the Cuban rebels and U.S. troops for supply, coaling and maintenance of the warships, became urgent.  It soon became evident that the best anchorage facility was the Bay of Guantánamo.

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

Emilio Bacardí y Moreau (1844-1922).  Entrepreneur, writer and journalist, born in Santiago on June 5.  At only 24 he was honored by the Liceo of Puerto Principe for hisConveniencia de reservar a la mujer ciertos trabajos. He was imprisoned in1876 for revolutionary activities and deported in 1879. At Ceuta in 1895 during the Independence War, 1895-1898, he was jailed for sending arms to the insurgents. 

"THIS DAY IN CUBAN HISTORY..."

José Julián Martí y Pérez (1853-1895), Cuba’s greatest hero and most influential writer.  Revolutionary, poet, journalist, and the principal organizer of the Independence War of 1895-1898, he was the apostle of Cuba’s independence.